Mother and son eating, food allergies

Reducing the Risk of Food Allergies

Risk of Food Allergies

A food allergy is an adverse immune reaction to a food protein. They are different from other adverse reactions to food, such as food intolerance, pharmacological reactions, and toxins. Food allergies can cause a wide range of symptoms, from mild to severe, and sometimes even life-threatening. The most common food allergies are to cow’s milk, hen’s egg, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish.

What Are the Signs of a Food Allergy?

If you have a food allergy, your body has an abnormal reaction to a particular food or food component. The most common symptoms of a food allergy are:

  • itching or tingling in the mouth
  • swelling of the lips, tongue, or throat
  • hives
  • difficulty breathing
  • nausea and vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • abdominal pain

If you experience any of these symptoms after eating a particular food, you should see a doctor to confirm whether or not you have a food allergy.

What Are the Most Common Food Allergens?

Common food allergens are proteins found in certain foods that are known to cause an allergic reaction in some people. The most common food allergens are peanuts, tree nuts, fish, shellfish, eggs, cow’s milk, wheat, soy, sesame, and mustard. These foods are responsible for up to 90% of food allergy reactions in the United States. Peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish are the most likely to cause a severe reaction, such as anaphylaxis.

Can You Prevent the Development of a Food Allergy in a Child?

While it is impossible to prevent a child’s development of a food allergy completely, there are steps parents can take to reduce the risk of their child developing one.

The first step is introducing foods most likely to cause an allergic reaction early in a child’s life. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that babies be introduced to allergenic foods, such as peanuts, eggs, and fish, between 4 and 6 months of age. This is because early exposure to these foods may help reduce the risk of developing a food allergy.

In addition, parents should avoid giving their children highly processed foods. These foods often contain additives, preservatives, and artificial colors and flavors, which can increase the risk of food allergies. Instead, parents should focus on serving their children fresh, unprocessed foods.

Finally, parents should be aware of their child’s history of food allergies. A child with a family history of food allergies may be at an increased risk of developing one. In this case, parents should be extra cautious when introducing new foods to their children.

Although it is not possible to completely prevent a child’s development of a food allergy, there are steps parents can take to reduce the risk. By introducing allergenic foods early, avoiding processed foods, and considering a child’s family history of food allergies, parents can help reduce the chance of their child developing a food allergy.


There are a few things that parents can do to help reduce the risk of their children developing food allergies. First, they should introduce their children to various foods early in life. Second, they should ensure that the foods their children eat are not processed or highly allergenic. And finally, they should teach their children how to manage their allergies properly.

Aspen Medical Center is an urgent care center in Santa Fe, NM, that can help treat any emergencies in your family. We offer state-of-the-art primary and urgent care to ensure that you stay safe and healthy. The best part is that you don’t need to book an appointment with us and you can come to drop by anytime you have an emergency at Aspen Medical Center.

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