Migraines are a common type of headache that can cause severe pain, nausea, and other symptoms. There are different types of migraines, and each type has its own set of symptoms. This guide will help you understand the different types of migraines and how to treat them.
The Different Migraine Types
1. Migraine with Aura
Migraine with aura is a type of migraine that is characterized by a set of neurological symptoms that typically precede the onset of migraine headache pain. These symptoms, which are also called “aura,” can include visual disturbances, such as flashing lights or blind spots in your vision; tingling or numbness in your arms or legs; and difficulty speaking. Migraine with aura is less common than migraine without aura, and it is more likely to occur in people with a family history of migraines.
2. Migraine without Aura
Migraine without aura is the most common type of migraine, and it is characterized by headache pain that is usually accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Migraine without aura is more common in women than in men, and it often begins during puberty.
3. Chronic Migraine
Chronic migraine is a type of migraine that occurs on 15 or more days per month, for more than 3 months. Chronic migraine is more common in women than men and often begins during puberty. Chronic migraine is often treated with a combination of medication and lifestyle changes.
4. Hemiplegic Migraine
Hemiplegic migraine is a rare type of migraine that is characterized by temporary paralysis on one side of the body. Hemiplegic migraine can also cause other symptoms, such as severe headache pain, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound.
5. Migraine with Brainstem Aura
Migraine with brainstem aura is a rare type of migraine that is characterized by a set of neurological symptoms that affect the brainstem. These symptoms can include slurred speech, double vision, and temporary paralysis on one side of the body.
6. Retinal Migraine
A retinal migraine is a rare type of migraine that affects your vision. Symptoms include temporary vision loss or blindness in one eye, along with the other symptoms of a migraine. A retinal migraine is a serious condition that can lead to permanent vision loss if it’s not treated.
7. Abdominal Migraine
Abdominal migraines are a type of migraine that is characterized by stomach pain. This type of migraine is more common in children than adults. Symptoms of an abdominal migraine include stomach pain, nausea, and vomiting. Treatment for abdominal migraines includes over-the-counter pain relievers and anti-nausea medications.
How to Treat Migraines
There are a number of different ways to treat migraines. The best way to treat a migraine will depend on the type of migraine you have, your symptoms, and your overall health. Some common treatments for migraines include:
– Pain relievers: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help relieve the pain of a migraine.
– Prescription medications: If over-the-counter pain relievers don’t work, your doctor may prescribe a stronger medication. These include triptans, which are designed specifically for migraines, and other medications such as beta blockers and antidepressants.
– Home remedies: There are a number of home remedies that can help relieve the symptoms of a migraine. These include cold or hot packs, relaxation techniques, and acupuncture.
– Lifestyle changes: Making certain lifestyle changes can help prevent migraines or make them less severe. These include getting enough sleep, avoiding triggers such as bright lights or loud noises, and eating a healthy diet.
There are many different types of migraines, and each person experiences them differently. Some people have migraines with aura, while others have migraines without aura. Some people have chronic migraines, while others have episodic migraines.
There is no one-size-fits-all solution for migraines, as each person experiences them differently. However, there are many treatments available that can help lessen the frequency and severity of migraines. If you are suffering from migraines, be sure to talk to your doctor about the best treatment options for you.
Aspen Medical Center provides primary care and urgent care. We are a locally owned outpatient medical facility in Santa Fe and Espanola, NM, offering state-of-the-art primary care and urgent care services. If you need a primary care physician in Santa Fe, get in touch with us today!